South Africa Eastern Cape
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Eastern Cape Oos-Kaap (Afrikaans)
EMpuma Koloni (Xhosa) Province of South Africa Coat of arms Motto: Development through Unity Location of the Eastern Cape in South Africa Country South Africa Established 27 April 1994 Capital Bhisho Largest city Port Elizabeth Districts List[show] Government
• Total 168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi) Area rank 2nd in South Africa Highest elevation 3,019 m (9,905 ft) Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft) Population (2011):18 • Total 6,562,053 • Estimate (2014) 6,786,900 • Rank 3rd in South Africa • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi) • Density rank 6th in South Africa Population groups:21 • Black African 86.3% • Coloured 8.3% • White 4.7% • Indian or Asian 0.4% Languages:25 • Xhosa 78.8% • Afrikaans 10.6% • English 5.6% • Sotho 2.5% Time zone SAST (UTC+2) ISO 3166 code ZA-EC Website www.ecprov.gov.za
It was formed in 1994 out of the "independent" Xhosa homelands of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. Landing place and home of the 1820 settlers, the central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.
This region is the birthplace of many prominent South African politicians, such as Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, Chris Hani, Thabo Mbeki, Steve Biko and Charles Coghlan.
Climate is highly varied. The west is dry with sparse rain during winter or summer, with frosty winters and hot summers. The area Tsitsikamma to Grahamstown receives more precipitation, which is also relatively evenly distributed and temperatures are mild. Further east, rainfall becomes more plentiful and humidity increases, becoming more subtropical along the coast with summer rainfall. The interior can become very cold in winter, with heavy snowfalls occasionally occurring in the mountainous regions between Molteno and Rhodes.